The Spur-thighed Tortoise, also called Mediterranean Spur-thighed and, strangely, the Greek Tortoise, is native mainly to coastal northwest Africa, southern Spain and to much of Asia Minor, the Caucasus and the Near East. Although called the "Greek" Tortoise from its Latin epithet "graeca", it has only a small presence in Greece (the related Marginated Tortoise is the most common and Hermann's Tortoise is prevalent in Greece). The subspecies shown here, Testudo graeca ibera, is common in Turkey. The term "Mediterranean Tortoise" is applied to all "Testudo" species.
As its name indicates, it has "spurs" on the back thighs. Lifespan in the wild is typically some 80 years but can reach over 100.