The Egyptian Tortoise, also called Kleinmann's Tortoise, was native to the desert of Egypt, west of the Nile, and also to northern Libya.
Unfortunately for this attractive tortoise, it is already extinct in the wild in its native Egypt and critically endangered in Libya,
mainly due to habit destruction for agriculture, collection for the pet trade and threats to its eggs/young by cats and dogs.
One of the smallest tortoises, the sandy background cover gives camouflage in the desert.
Some refer to the Libyan tortoise population as a separate (sub)species.
The similar Negev Tortoise above, of Sinai's Negev Desert, is considered by some as a race/form, by some as a subspecies and by some as a separate species,