Box turtles are named because they are able to open and tightly close the front and back sections of their shell.
This way of protecting themselves from predators has not stopped all Asian box turtles from being
decimated by over-collecting by humans for the food trade.
Zhou's Box Turtle in particular
(Cuora zhoui) is only known from South China food markets -- it is not known where it lived in the wild
and whether it is now extinct in the wild. It has not even been seen in food markets for several years and the very
few conserved in zoos may be all that are left.
Mccord's Box Turtle
(Cuora mccordi) was also first known from Chinese food, medicine and pet markets -- but was found several years later in
the wild in China's Guangxi province. It is critically endangered.
The brightly-coloured Chinese Three-striped Box Turtle
(Cuora trifasciata), also called the Golden Coin Turtle, is endemic to southern China and northern Vietnam.
It is critically endangered through over-collection for the Chinese medicine and captive trades.