African Crested Porcupine Hystrix cristata

Crested Porcupine
Crested Porcupine
The African/Eurasian porcupines are a totally different family of rodents than the smaller, tree-climbing American porcupines. They are ground-dwelling/-feeding. Both have quills. Shown here is the largest species, the African Crested Porcupine, prevalent in parts of southern Italy as well as north and sub-Saharan Africa. The name porcupine means pig with spines.
Crested Porcupine
Porcupine quills
Crested Porcupine
When under threat from a perceived predator (large carnivore or human), they raise and rattle their quills. If necessary, they reverse charge the enemy to stab with their quills and can kill.
Crested Porcupine
Crested Porcupine
Crested Porcupine
Mainly nocturnal and mainly vegetarian, they also collect bones in their dens to gnaw on for calcium and to keep their front teeth from overgrowing.
White Crested Porcupine
White Crested Porcupine
White Crested Porcupine
Usually dark brown or black, white and off-white porcupines occur but are rare.
White Crested Porcupine
White African Crested Porcupine
African Crested Porcupines
They live in family groups and are monogamous.
 

Indian/Asian Crested Porcupine

Hystrix indica
Indian Crested Porcupine
Asian Crested Porcupine
Indian Crested Porcupine
The similar-looking Indian Crested Porcupine, also called Asian or just Indian Porcupine, is native to the Middle East and South Asia.