Postman Butterfly Forms - Rayed Variations Heliconius erato/melpomene

The Small Postman has many forms and subspecies over its range; most of the forms are mimicked by the Common Postman as well as other Heliconian Butterflies such as Cydno.

Postman Butterfly variations - Common Postman
Postman Butterfly variations
Postman Butterfly variations
A large number of Longwing butterflies mimic this basic red, rayed pattern on black as a warning to potential predators. In addition to the Postmen, H. erato (eg subspecies emma, lativitta) and H. melpomene (forms/subspecies: aglaope, malleti, penelope, thelxiope, vicinus), the following have a form similar to some degree: H. burneyi, H. demeter, H. elevatus, H. timareta, H. xanthocles, Neruda aoede and Eueides tales. Some H. cydno subspecies/forms also have this type of pattern and Laparus doris (also called H. doris) has a passing resemblance. There are also others.
Postman Butterfly variations
Rayed Postman-type erato erato form fuliginosa?
The white forewing bar(s) varies considerably.
Neruda aoede?
Neruda aoede?
Postman Butterfly variations
Postman Butterfly variations
Postman Butterfly variations
The butterfly above is one of the several with only one white bar on each forewing rather than two.
Postman Butterfly variations and mimics
Postman Butterfly variations and mimics
This version above is entirely red and pink.
Postman Butterfly variations
The red Postman-type above is relatively small.
Postman Butterfly variations
Postman Butterfly variations
Postman Butterfly variations
The variation on the theme above has a Cydno-like, forked white bar and underside hind wing. It may be a Cydno subspecies form or a Postman-Cydno hybrid.