The Painted Conure
, Pyrrhura picta
, is native to northern South America.
There are several subspecies. Some former subspecies have been reclassified as full species in recent years.
The Maroon-tailed Conure
, Pyrrhura melanura
, is native to north and northwest South America.
The upper side of the tail is green then maroon and the underside is dark. Many pyrrhura
conures have maroon tails.
The White-eared Conure,
Pyrrhura leucotis, also called the
Maroon-faced Parakeet, is native to Brazil. Some former subspecies have been reclassified as full species recently.
Above is the Grey-breasted Parakeet, Pyrrhura griseipectus,
formerly classed as a subspecies of the White-eared, as Pyrrhura leucotis griseipectus. It is native to a small, declining range in north-eastern Brazil
Another former subspecies, Emma's Conure above (Pyrrhura emma) from Venezuela with a blue crown, is confusingly also
classed by some as a subspecies of the Painted Conure (see above), which itself used to be thought a subspecies of the Maroon-faced/White-eared.
The Rose-fronted Conure, Pyrrhura roseifrons, (sometimes called Red-crowned Parakeet
leading to confusion with the New Zealand Kakariki of that name), comes from the western Amazon (Peru/Ecuador/Bolivia/Brazil). It used to be thought a subspecies of the Painted Conure above but is now classed as a separate species.