Like the Macaws and Amazons, the Conures are native to South and Central America and the Caribbean. The (former) Latin name of many conures is "
", -- "little macaw".
The Mitred Conure, Psittacara (Aratinga) mitrata, has a red brow with red extending around the white eye-ring and other red spots around the head of an otherwise green head, body and wings.
There is also red on the thigh. The parakeet is native to Andean Peru, Bolivia and north-western Argentina.
The amount of red plumage on the head of the Mitred Conure varies and can extend to patches on the body.
The Red-masked Conure, Psittacara (prev. Aratinga) erythrogenys,
also called Cherry-headed, is native to Peru and Ecuador.
The red mask extends to fully cover the face. Far right above is a Mitred Conure for comparison. (The young of several red-fronted conures look similar until the red plumage develops.)
The Red-fronted Conure/Parakeet, Psittacara (prev. Aratinga) wagleri, has a confusing name as the Canicularis Orange-fronted is also called Red-fronted and several others have red brows/fronts.
It is also called Scarlet-fronted. It is native to Ecuador, Peru, Colombia and Venezuela. Subspecies Carriker's Conure, Psittacara wagleri minor, above, has a red brow and slight red "shoulder".
The Crimson-fronted or Finsch's Conure/Parakeet, Psittacara (prev. Aratinga) finschi, is native to Central America.
The Green Conure/Parakeet (silly name, most are basically green), Psittacara (prev.Aratinga) holochlora,
of Mexico/Central America. Most don't have the red brow shown but are almost entirely green.
The Red-throated Conure, Psittacara (prev.Aratinga) (holochlora) rubritorquis of Central America is often more orange- than red-throated.
White-eyed Conure (conures are nearly all "white-eyed"), Psittacara (prev. Aratinga) leucophthalma, of northern South America.
Like chickens, they have a need to cross roads.
Hispaniolan Conure, Psittacara (prev.Aratinga) chloroptera, is native to the island of Hispaniola (Dominican Republic/Haiti).
Similar to the Green and the White-eyed above, it has a distinctive red "shoulder" and "under-shoulder".