Like the Macaws and Amazons, the Conures are native to South and Central America and the Caribbean. The (former) Latin name of many conures is "Aratinga", -- "little macaw".
The Orange-fronted Conure, also called
Half Moon, Eupsittula (prev. Aratinga) canicularis,
is native to the Pacific Mexico and Central
America. (Photos above taken by
Alexandra Makhnina in Costa Rica.)
In addition to its orange brow followed
by blue, the nominal subspecies (E.canicularis canicularis) has a light upper and lower beak and
The subspecies of the Orange-fronted/Halfmoon, Eupsittula (prev. Aratinga) canicularis eburnirostrum, comes from southwest Mexico.
It has a white upper beak with dark patches on its lower beak, the latter sometimes hidden by cheek feathers.
It also has a darker chest.
The Peach-fronted Conure, Eupsittula (prev. Aratinga) aurea, is native to Brazil and northern Argentina. In
addition to its peach brow bordered with blue, it has a khaki chest and a dark beak.
Its Latin name means golden.
The Brown-throated Conure, also called the St Thomas Conure, Eupsittula (prev. Aratinga) pertinax, is native to north-eastern South America and the Antilles.
There are several subspecies across the range including island-specific subspecies. The nominal subspecies,
Eupsittula pertinax pertinax above, has a bright yellow face.
The Brown-throated Surinam Conure,
Eupsittula (prev. Aratinga) pertinax surinama, is a subspecies native to Surinam, French Guiana and north-eastern Venezuela.
The Cactus Conure, Eupsittula (prev. Aratinga) cactorum, also called Caatinga Parakeet, is native to desert and semi-desert regions of north-eastern Brazil.
The nominal subspecies of the Olive-throated Conure, Eupsittula (prev. Aratinga) nana nana, is also called the Jamaican Conure after its native island.
The bill is wholly light-coloured.
The Aztec Conure, Eupsittula (prev. Aratinga) nana astec, is the subspecies of Olive-throated Conure native to eastern Mexico, mainly Yucatan, and Central America.