Manchurian/Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis

Red-crowned Crane
Manchurian Cranes
The RED-CROWNED CRANE, also called JAPANESE or MANCHURIAN CRANE, comes from Manchuria, Northeast China and Japan; it migrates to Siberia/Mongolia. It features in oriental art, particularly its dancing/courtship displays (such displays are common to most cranes). The apparent black "tail" is/are its wing-tips; the actual tail is white.
Red-crowned Crane
Red-crowned Crane
Manchurian Crane
Unlike the Black-necked Crane, it has a pure white body (no grey as an adult), a white nape and partial white back of its neck (less extensive than the White-naped Crane).
Red-crowned Crane The red crown (no, not the pub)
Red-crowned Crane  
Manchurian Crane
Red-crowned Crane juvenile
Red-crowned Crane young
Manchurian Crane juvenile
The juvenile Manchurian/Red-crowned Crane has a light brown head/neck, light brown mottling on its white body plumage and a dark brown bustle
Red-crowned Crane juvenile
Red-crowned Crane young
Manchurian Crane young
Juvenile Manchurian/Red-crowned Crane -- showing the black/brown wing edges that make the bustle and the actual short white tail