Some Cranes live in wetlands/marshes and some on dry grassland/plains; they are included here as land birds rather than water-birds
The BLACK-NECKED CRANE, Grus nigricollis, lives on high altitude plains of Tibet, west China and far northern India.
Unlike the Red-crowned Crane which also has a mainly black neck, white body (without grey) and black legs/wing-tips, the Black-necked Crane has a fully black head except for its red crown.
The SARUS CRANE, Grus antigone, comes from northern India, Nepal and parts of southeast Asia. At 6 foot, it is the tallest flying bird.
The SIBERIAN CRANE, Grus leucogeranus, also called Siberian White or Snow Crane, lives in wetlands in arctic Russia well north of the Siberian range of the White-naped Crane.
There are two separated populations, the eastern Russian one migrating to China in the harsh winters and the west Russian one to Iran, the longest migrations for a crane.
The HOODED CRANE, Grus monacha, breeds in Siberia and over-winters in China, Korea and Japan.
Small for a crane, its preferred habitat is wetlands.
The WATTLED CRANE, Bugeranus/Grus carunculatus, lives in large wetlands in sub-Saharan Africa. It is the second tallest crane after the Sarus.