Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma

Southern Pochard
Southern Pochard
There are two subspecies of Southern Pochard, one from South America (N. e. erythrophthalma) and one from southern/eastern Africa (N. e. brunnea).
The latter, also called the (South) African Pochard, is shown here.
Southern Pochard male
The male, above, is dark brown with red eyes and a blue bill tipped with black.
Southern Pochard female
Southern Pochard pair
The female, above, has a scaup-like white patch at the base of her bill and white cheek patches on her face.
Southern Pochard female
Southern Pochard
Southern Pochard
Unsure whether the ones with brown eyes are female or juvenile; unsure whether the ones with red eyes and "female" plumage are female or non-breeding males -- all three prevalent at same time of year.