The colourful PARADISE TANAGER , Tangara chilensis, despite its scientific name, is native to most of northern South America but its range does not reach northern Chile. The bird has a light green face and crown, a bright turquoise front, a midnight blue bib and, depending on subspecies, either a scarlet lower back or, as shown, gold and orange/red.
Unusually for birds and for many Tanagers, male and female both have similar, brightly-coloured plumage. Juveniles are dull grey muted versions of the adults.
The BLUE-NECKED TANAGER , Tangara cyanicollis, its scientific name meaning blue-necked also, is also native to northern South America, but less-extensively than its Paradise cousin. Like the Paradise, it features bright colours on a black background, with a turquoise head, straw yellow shoulders and rump and a royal blue with turquoise flash on the flanks.
The imaginatively-named BLUE AND YELLOW TANAGER , Thraupis/Pipraeidea bonariensis, temporarily parked on this page, is native to north-eastern South America and northern Argentina and Paraguay. The bird illustrated is the eastern subspecies
(darwinii) with an olive green back and bright yellow rump. The western (Argentinian/Paraguayan) nominate subspecies has a black back.