The Red-rumped Swallow has a wide geographic range from southern Europe and Africa across Asia to Japan.
The more northerly birds migrate south to join resident populations in Africa and India in winter.
There is wide variation in appearance throughout the range and several claimed subspecies. The rump can be pale or
red or, as here, pale below and red on the lower back. The nape is red and some populations have red faces and
even a red crown.
Guarding their respective nest-building sites?
The nest is closed and includes a small tunnel opening, unlike the common Barn Swallow, shown with them
above right and below right, which builds and open mud nest.
The tunnel nest opening
With Barn Swallow
The photos on this page were taken in Kazakhstan by Alexandra Makhnina.