Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis

Spanish Sparrow male non-breeding plumage The male Spanish Sparrow has darker, sharper markings than the northern House Sparrow, an all-brown "hairstyle" head, a bandit mask with broken white eyebrow and a streaky body.
Spanish Sparrow female The female Spanish Sparrow also has stronger markings than her northern House Sparrow counterpart, with light streaking on her front and a more patterned back/wings.
Spanish Sparrow male breeding plumage
Spanish Sparrow male
Spanish sparrow male
The male in breeding plumage has brighter chestnut on head and wings, more black, especially chin/bib/chest/streaks, contrasted with brighter white on face and body.
Spanish Sparrow breeding plumage
Spanish Sparrow
Spanish Sparrow breeding plumage
Also his beak turns from horn-coloured to black in breeding plumage (and he helps to gather nesting materials).
Spanish Sparrow
Spanish Sparrow
The adult male's beak is horn-coloured (also see below) in non-breeding plumage, rather than black.
Spanish Sparrow
A juvenile male with chestnut head but no black eyeliner/bib yet
Spanish Sparrows
Spanish Sparrow
Spanish Sparrow
The range of the Spanish Sparrow includes S/SE Spain, Canaries, Morocco, S Italy, some of the Mediterranean and Central Asia. House Sparrows (throughout Eurasia), Italian Sparrows (north/central Italy, some of France/Switzerland/Austria) and Eurasian Tree Sparrows are also present for much of the Spanish Sparrow range and hybrids abound.
Spanish Sparrow female
Female Spanish Sparrow
Spanish Sparrow female
Spanish Sparrow female
The female has less strong body streaking than the male but more than the female House Sparrow.
Square-headed female Spanish Sparrow Square-headed female Spanish Sparrow
young Spanish Sparrow Young chick
Spanish Sparrow fledgling Younger fledgling (with no streaking yet)