The Yellow Cardinal was previously
classed as a bunting or American sparrow, but is now classed
as a tanager. It was previously common in Argentina and
Uruguay and present in far south Brazil but the population
has declined rapidly in recent years and the bird is now rare
and mainly confined to a few fragmented regions of northern
Argentina and Uruguay.
It is endangered by habitat loss and significant trapping for the cagebird trade, particularly the male,
shown above, with his attractive yellow face and melodious song.
The female, above, has a grey cheek and white instead of yellow on her brow, eyeline and moustache.
She also has a grey chest.