The RED SISKIN,
Carduelis/Spinus cucullata, is native to
northwestern South America. The male (above) has deep orange-red plumage with black markings and head and white belly. The female is
a plainer, muted reddish grey version with a grey head. Like other siskins, they form flocks. Populations have been
decimated by trapping for the cage bird trade. The melodious song of the male has also led to captive hybridisation with
canaries to produce red canary hybrids.
The HOUSE FINCH, Carpodacus mexicanus, comes from Mexico,
as its scientific name indicates, and also from western USA. Introduced to eastern USA, it has spread to central areas and southern Canada.
The male (above left/centre) has reddish highlights on his face and upper body, from deep red to orange depending on diet/season;
the female (above right) is plainer.
The MONGOLIAN FINCH, Bucanetes mongolicus, is native
from eastern Turkey through Central Asia/Himalayas/southern Russia to Mongolia and China.
Related to the Desert Finch, they also have patches of pink in their plumage.