The Golden Oriole breeds across most of Europe (occasional visitor to UK/north Scandinavia), Mediterranean Africa, Middle East and part of Central Asia. It winters in central and southern Africa.
The word "oriole" comes from the Latin "aureus" or gold. Eastern Hemisphere true Orioles are not closely related to the Western Hemisphere Orioles, the latter being Icterids.
The male Golden Oriole, top row, is a bright golden yellow with black markings. As is usual with songbirds, the female, above row, has more muted plumage for better camouflage.
The Golden Oriole is also called the Eurasian Golden Oriole to distinguish from the Indian Golden Oriole (Oriolus kundoo) above. Its range is the Indian sub-continent and southern Central Asia.
Similar to the Eurasian, it is slightly smaller, has an extended eye-stripe behind the eye, a golden patch on the top wing, yellow tips to the "secondary and tertiary" wing feathers and more yellow in its tail. The one above is the subspecies in Kazakhstan. The female is a more muted version of the male, but more strongly coloured than the Eurasian.