Also called Indian/African Ring-necked or Rose-ringed Parakeets/Parrots, only the adult male parakeet has the ringed neck after which the species is named: the ring is black at the front and pink on the nape, with a pale blue wash above. The female often has a light green shadow ring. Both male and female have large hook-billed beaks, red on the upper part and usually black on the lower part. They have pink eye rings and a thin black line from top of beak (cere) to eye which looks like a frown. The long tails are blue-green on the topside and yellow on the underside.
Female with light green shadow ring
Male with black and pink neck ring
Pair nesting on Hampstead Heath
The heart shape
There are 2 main subspecies: the African Ringnecks (P. krameri kameri), which are slightly smaller
(40 cm length) and the Indian Ringnecks (P. krameri manillensis, 42 cm).
Most feral populations, including those in the UK, are the Indian Ring-necked Parakeets originating from the Indian sub-continent.
Ironically, the Indian species is declining rapidly in the wild through trapping for the pet trade while the feral populations globally are increasing.